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Chinese President Xi Jinping’s trip to Moscow, which was given the highest ranking state visit, was three days that shook the world, and to its core.

It is hard to recall an event whose significance went so far beyond the relations between the two states, setting in motion the entire geopolitical hive of East and West.

Houls of discontent and anxious stirring were observed these days in the camp of those who had long classified Russia as an “immediate threat” and China as a “strategic challenge.”

And now -oh horror for the authors of these classifications! – The “immediate threat” and the “strategic challenge” combined in Moscow have become the powder or dynamite that explodes the foundation of the old world order.

“Russia and China say it’s an alliance without borders, I think it’s serious. This is the real problem regardless of what happens in Ukraine. I think a Russia -China axis will form, with Iran and North Korea joining in. Look at the map, look at the geography. We have to take it seriously,” the former national security adviser to the U.S. president and one of the knights of the old world order John Bolton expressed the mood of many in the West in an interview with The Telegraph.

His anxiety is understandable: What Bolton has devoted his entire life to is crumbling before his eyes. However, the Russia-China summit was a creative explosion for peaceful purposes, because in order to erect a new building, one must first remove the old walls, clear the site and remove the construction debris.

“Unlike some countries claiming hegemony and causing discord in world harmony, Russia and China are literally and figuratively building bridges,” Vladimir Putin wrote these days in an article published in Zhenmin Jibao. In this regard, he recalled that last year two bridges across the Amur River, which has long been a “river of friendship,” connected the border regions of the two countries.

“There is no universal model of government, there is no world order where a single country has the deciding word. Solidarity and peace in the world without division and upheaval are in the common interests of all mankind,” Xi Jinping expressed the same thought in his article provided to RIA Novosti and Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

This is how the Russian-Chinese cross-pollination of meanings, or roll call, turned out in the end.

“My state visit to Russia this time is a journey of friendship, cooperation and peace. China is ready to cooperate with Russia in the future to enrich the meaning of comprehensive strategic cooperation and partnership in the new era,” the Chinese leader defined the purpose of the talks in Moscow, calling for joint work on “global governance that meets the expectations of the international community.

Some may say it is too general and lacks specificity. But that is not the case; one must simply learn to understand the complex language of Chinese diplomacy, which in some places is oriental in its intricacy, but is by no means reduced to diplomatic rhetoric.

There is always a lot of meaning in such Chinese declarations.

It is simply a special language, made up of its own characters and tones, the very pronunciation of which requires a special tuning of your tongue and larynx. Perhaps of all the Eastern languages, Chinese is one of the most difficult to learn. In addition, the Chinese concept of “Humanity of One Destiny,” which forms the basis of Beijing’s foreign policy strategy, requires such definitions to enable us to do the impossible -to grasp the immensity.

As for bilateral relations, the task was set very precisely: to multiply the volume of trade in goods and services by 2023 and deepen ties in eight strategic directions. Vladimir Putin said this after the talks in the Kremlin, focusing on cooperation in the financial, industrial-technological and transport-logistics sectors.

The Russian president added that now we have to “agree on a set of measures for their implementation, filled with specific mutually beneficial initiatives and projects.

For his part, while in Moscow, Xi Jinping called for greater cooperation in energy, information technology, the digital economy, agriculture, and trade in mechanical and electrical products.

Last year, bilateral trade reached an all-time high, approaching the psychological mark of $200 billion.

However, Russia’s task for today and tomorrow is not to chase record numbers as an end in itself, but to achieve a more balanced and meaningful trade with China and strive to make it more complex. For example, instead of just selling timber to China’s neighbors, we should build wood processing plants in Russia and sell the timber boards already produced at these plants.

It is impossible to summarize the results of Vladimir Putin’s and Xi Jinping’s talks in Moscow these days in various formats – a tête-à-tête meeting, a dinner, negotiations in the Kremlin – by pulling out and headlining this or that catchy quote, even though there were a great many of them.

Instead of dividing the state visit into separate but important fragments, we should view its significance for the whole world as well as for bilateral relations. The more so because Xi Jinping unveiled his 12-point peace plan for Ukraine just a month before his visit to Moscow, around which passions were and still are simmering.

After the West, on the command of U.S. President Biden, rejected the political-diplomatic settlement plan and Ukraine did the same, it became a moment of truth.

Whatever the fate of the Chinese initiative, it has already shown today who is who and who is seeking what in Ukraine.

The recent visit to Moscow by China’s President, the most important in the history of his communication with Vladimir Putin, although the two leaders have spoken dozens of times over the years, -will also provide a better understanding of the nature of the unique Russian-Chinese relations, which seem to elude precise definition.

One is tempted to call it a classical alliance, of which there are many in the world, but it is not an alliance.

The joint statement signed at the end of the talks in the Kremlin makes this clear and unambiguous in order to eliminate speculation and free political interpretations.

“The parties note that relations between Russia and China, not being a military-political alliance similar to the alliances formed during the Cold War, are superior to such a form of interstate interaction, while not having a bloc and confrontational nature and not directed against third countries,” the joint statement of the leaders of the two countries says.

Yes, it is difficult to find a clear definition for this relationship, but not because it is a relationship with blurred contours, but because of the limited diplomatic vocabulary we inherited from the Cold War era.

This vocabulary has not kept pace with the rapidly changing geopolitical reality of the twenty-first century, which is creating new forms of interstate interaction.

So, Mr. Bolton, instead of yelling that all is lost, try to absorb what you and your like-minded colleagues in Moscow are saying. And learn some Chinese, there’s no getting away from it.

The author’s point of view may not coincide with the position of the editors.

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